Migrant youth status (general)
Current status of children of foreign residents
|Division||Total||Under 6 years old||7-12 years old||13-15 years old||16-18 years old|
- Note 1)The value that adds Domestic born children to naturalized children and children with foreign nationality
|Division||Total||Naturalized and children with foreign nationality||Domestic born children|
|Increase and decrease||27,120||13,832||13,288||1,299||585||714||25,821||13,247||12,574|
By type, there were 12,660 children (4.8%) of naturalized or foreign nationals who were naturalized or who still hold foreign nationality,
and domestic born children who acquired Korean citizenship at the time of birth are 251,966 (95.2%).
Current status of Mid-immigrant adolescents
|Growing in Korea only||Living and growing up abroad||Whole|
|Subtotal||Foreign residence experience||Mainly grown abroad|
|Age||9-11 years old||49.4||27.1||31.5||21.2||45.8|
|12-14 years old||23.8||25.9||28.9||21.9||24.1|
|15-17 years old||16.0||18.0||14.8||22.4||16.4|
|18-24 years old||10.8||29.0||24.8||34.5||13.8|
- Note) Household member weight applied
- Ministry of Justice regards minor who was born from the prior marriage relation of marriage immigrant, and entered Korea and registered as alien and the children of naturalized person (including domestic born children) as mid-immigrant adolescents(Ministry of Justice classifies them as ‘mid-immigrant children’). According to this, it is found that 3,587 mid-immigrant children as of December 2020 stay in Korea.
- Note 1) The age of minors after August 2015 is 18 years old or younger
- Note 2) It is the sum of the current status of visiting cohabitation (F-1-52), residence (F-2-2), permanent residence (F-5-3). Residence (F-2-2), permanent residence (F-5-3) status includes not only the children of prior marriage relationship of marriage immigrants
but also the children of naturalized persons (including domestic born children).
|Division||0-14 years old||15-19 years old||20-24 years old||총계|
|The third gender||0||0||1||1|
School enrollment status of children from multicultural families
|Number of students||99,186||109,387||122,212||137,225||147,378|
|Ratio to total students||1.7%||1.9%||2.1%||2.5%||2.8%|
|Division||Total||Elementary school||Middle school||High school||Various schools|
- Note 1) Number of multicultural students = Children of international marriage families (Domestic born children + Mid-immigrant children) + Children of foreign families
- Note 2) Domestic born : Children born in Korea among children born to a foreign spouse married to a Korean
- Note 3) Mid-immigrant : Children of international marriage families who were born abroad and entered Korea with their parents midway.
- Note 4) Foreign families : Children born to foreigners
Current status of North Korean defectors youth
|Total(numbers of people entering the country)||1,418||1,127||1,137||1,047||229|
|Adolescents (9-24 years old)||244||184||173||228||46|
Some people who have recently entered the country and stay in the protection facilities are excluded.
|Division||0-9 years old||10-19 years old||20-29 years old||Total|
- North Korean defector youth without family or friend
- Article 38, clause 2 of [Act on the protection and the settlement support of North Korean Defector] defines the person under 24 who doesn’t accompany the lineal ascendant among North Korean defector youth as ‘North Korean defector youth without family or friend’. North Korean defector youth without family or friend experiences family breakup in North due to the parent’s death, divorce or the poverty, and crosses the border alone, and not only should make a living without parents but also may be in the situation to earn money for families left in North. The numbers of entry of North Korean defector youth without family or friends who suffer from overlapping difficulties are increasing continuously.
|Division||School||Alternative education facility
|Elementary school||Middle school||High school||Other school *|
- * Special schools, civic schools, high civic schools, technical high schools, various schools, broadcasting and communication middle and high schools, etc.
- ** As of September 2020(source: Ministry of Unification)
|Year||Elementary school||Middle school||High school||Other school||Total|
|Number of students||Ratio||Number of students||Ratio||Number of students||Ratio||Number of students||Ratio|
|Year||Division||Number of enrolled students|
|Elementary school||Middle school||High school||Other school||Total|
|2019||Born in North Korea||237||288||378||79||982|
|Born in a third country such as China||640(73%)||450(61%)||374(49.9%)||85(51.8%)||1,549(61.2%)|
|2018||Born in North Korea||262||315||353||78||1,008|
|Born in a third country such as China||670(71.9%)||367(53.8%)||398(53%)||95(54.9%)||1,530(60.3%)|
|2017||Born in North Korea||361||332||408||-||1,101|
|Born in a third country such as China||666(64.8%)||394(54.2%)||377(48%)||-||1,437(56.6%)|
|2016||Born in North Korea||450||359||391||-||1,200|
|Born in a third country such as China||693(60.6%)||414(53.6%)||210(34.9%)||-||1,317(52.3%)|
|2015||Born in North Korea||541||344||341||-||1,226|
|Born in a third country such as China||683(55.8%)||480(58.3%)||86(20.1%)||-||1,249(50.5%)|
School Enrollment status of North Korean defector youth by year and place of birth Ministry of Education includes not only the children of North Korean Defector born in North Korea but also the children born in the third country to one of parents born in North Korea
in the category of North Korean Defector Youth, and provides the educational support based on this.